Júlio Prestes and the First Republic - Célio Debes

Júlio Prestes and the First Republic - Célio Debes

Júlio Prestes and the First Republic: A Political Biography

By Célio Debes


Júlio Prestes was a prominent Brazilian politician who served as the 13th president of Brazil from 1922 to 1926. He was a member of the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP) and was known for his progressive policies and his commitment to social justice.

Early Life and Career

Júlio Prestes was born in Itapetininga, São Paulo, on March 15, 1882. He was the son of Fernando Prestes de Albuquerque, a wealthy coffee farmer, and Maria Luísa de Queirós Prestes. Prestes received his early education in São Paulo and then went on to study law at the University of São Paulo.

After graduating from law school, Prestes began his political career as a member of the São Paulo state legislature. He quickly rose through the ranks and was elected governor of São Paulo in 1920. As governor, Prestes implemented a number of progressive policies, including land reform, education reform, and labor reform.


In 1922, Prestes was elected president of Brazil. He took office on November 15, 1922, and immediately began to implement his progressive agenda. Prestes continued the land reform and education reform policies that he had begun as governor of São Paulo. He also introduced a number of new social welfare programs, including a minimum wage law and a social security system.

Prestes's progressive policies were not without their critics. Some conservatives opposed his land reform and social welfare programs, arguing that they were too expensive and would lead to economic instability. Others criticized Prestes for his close ties to the United States, arguing that he was too willing to sacrifice Brazilian interests in order to please the Americans.

Despite these criticisms, Prestes remained popular with the Brazilian people. He was seen as a strong and capable leader who was committed to improving the lives of ordinary Brazilians. Prestes's popularity was reflected in his landslide re-election victory in 1926.

The 1930 Revolution

Prestes's second term as president was cut short by the 1930 Revolution. The revolution was led by a group of military officers who were opposed to Prestes's progressive policies. The revolutionaries overthrew Prestes and installed Getúlio Vargas as president.

Prestes went into exile in Europe after the 1930 Revolution. He returned to Brazil in 1934 and continued to be active in politics. He served as a member of the Brazilian Senate from 1935 to 1937.

Death and Legacy

Júlio Prestes died in São Paulo on February 9, 1946. He was 63 years old. Prestes is considered one of the most important figures in Brazilian history. He was a progressive leader who was committed to social justice. His policies helped to improve the lives of millions of Brazilians.


Júlio Prestes was a remarkable man who left a lasting legacy on Brazil. He was a strong and capable leader who was committed to improving the lives of ordinary Brazilians. Prestes's progressive policies helped to make Brazil a more just and equitable society. He is a true Brazilian hero.

Why You Should Read This Book

If you are interested in Brazilian history, then you should read this book. It is a well-written and informative biography of one of Brazil's most important figures. This book will give you a greater understanding of Brazilian history and the role that Júlio Prestes played in shaping it.

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You can order your copy of Júlio Prestes and the First Republic today from Amazon.com. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in Brazilian history.