Capa do Livro Transvaginal Ultrasonography - David A. Nyberg and Others

Transvaginal Ultrasonography - David A. Nyberg and Others

522 words · 3 minutes reading time Medicine Science/Engineering and technology Educational

Transvaginal Ultrasonography: A Comprehensive Guide

Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) is a medical imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce detailed images of the female reproductive organs. It is a safe and painless procedure that can be used to diagnose a variety of conditions, including:

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Cancer of the uterus, ovaries, or cervix

TVUS is also used to monitor the development of the fetus during pregnancy and to guide procedures such as biopsy and surgery.

Why Choose Transvaginal Ultrasonography?

There are many reasons why TVUS is the preferred imaging technique for diagnosing and monitoring conditions of the female reproductive organs. These include:

  • High-resolution images: TVUS produces high-resolution images that allow doctors to see even the smallest details of the reproductive organs. This makes it possible to diagnose conditions that may not be visible with other imaging techniques.
  • Real-time imaging: TVUS allows doctors to see the reproductive organs in real time. This makes it possible to evaluate the function of the organs and to identify any abnormalities.
  • Minimally invasive: TVUS is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require any incisions. This makes it a comfortable and convenient option for patients.
  • Safe and painless: TVUS is a safe and painless procedure that does not involve the use of radiation. This makes it an ideal option for pregnant women and patients who are sensitive to radiation.

What to Expect During a Transvaginal Ultrasonography

A TVUS is typically performed in a doctor's office or hospital. The patient will be asked to lie on an exam table with their feet in stirrups. A small, lubricated probe will be inserted into the vagina. The probe will emit high-frequency sound waves that will produce images of the reproductive organs.

The procedure typically takes about 15 minutes. It is usually painless, but some patients may experience mild discomfort.

Preparing for a Transvaginal Ultrasonography

There are no special preparations required for a TVUS. However, patients may be asked to drink plenty of water before the procedure to help fill the bladder. This can help to improve the quality of the images.

Risks of Transvaginal Ultrasonography

TVUS is a safe procedure, but there are some risks associated with it. These include:

  • Infection: There is a small risk of infection associated with TVUS. This risk can be minimized by using sterile equipment and following proper infection control procedures.
  • Bleeding: TVUS can sometimes cause light bleeding. This is usually not a cause for concern, but it should be reported to the doctor if it occurs.
  • Pain: TVUS can sometimes cause mild pain. This pain is usually temporary and will go away after the procedure.


TVUS is a safe, painless, and effective imaging technique that can be used to diagnose and monitor a variety of conditions of the female reproductive organs. It is the preferred imaging technique for many doctors because it provides high-resolution images, real-time imaging, and is minimally invasive.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of a condition of the female reproductive organs, talk to your doctor about whether TVUS is right for you.